Although being close to the major tourist cities such as Rishikesh, Haridwar and Dehradun, Rajaji National Park or Rajaji Tiger Reserve offers a thrilling wild serenity. Majorly known for its abundance of elephants, this national park in India also has a rich bio-diversity and offers an amazing wildlife safari. The Ganga and Song rivers run through the park, which is recognised for its picturesque beauty and abundant biodiversity. The park is a haven for those who enjoy the outdoors and animals, and it is also home to a large variety of birds as well as elephants, tigers, leopards, deer, and ghorals. In 1983, three sanctuaries in Uttarakhand—Rajaji, Motichur, and Chilla—were combined into one sizable protected area and given the name Rajaji National Park in honour of Late C. Rajagopalachari, well known as "Rajaji," a freedom fighter and the nation's first governor-general.
Asian elephants are restricted to this region to the northwest. Rajaji, which spans an area of 820.42 sq km and is located in the Shivalik hills at the beginning of the huge Indo-Gangetic plains, is a wonderful environment that represents the vegetation of various diverse zones and forest types. The park has a good prey base offering such spotted deer, sambar, wild boar, ghoral, bears and more. Moreover, it also accommodates more than 500 Asian elephants, 12 tigers, 250 leopards and around 400 bird species, making it a paradise for wildlife photography. Can we see tigers at Rajaji National Park? The answer is yes, you can catch a glimpse of species such as tiger, deer, leopard, elephant and more near Jhilmil Jheel, a water body inside Rajaji National Park, a hotspot of animals.
Types of Safaries
Big 5 Animals
Carry binoculars, a camera, and a bird book to identify birds to make your trip more fruitful.
Wear comfortable walking shoes. Do check your shoes every time before wearing them to avoid scorpions and other creatures.
Carry proper woolens in winters and an effective sunscreen in summers.
Remember to Carry Hats/ Caps and personal medicines (if any).
Wear muted forest colors like earthy greens or beiges and avoid perfumes and deodorants.
It is mandatory to carry ID cards for safaris. The ID needs to be the same as the one with which you booked your safari.
Frequently Asked Questions
Rajaji National Park remains open from 15th November to 15th June. During the monsoon season, it remains closed. The month of April is the best time to spot wildlife even though the temperature remains high during this month. It is rather advised to visit the park in the early hours of the morning. Winters can also be marked as the best time to visit the park.
The park is connected to the major cities of India via road, rail and air.
Nearest Railway Station- Dehradun Terminal Railway Station
Nearest Airport- Jolly Grant Airport or Dehradun Airport
Road- Rajaji National Park is in proximity to several towns such as Haridwar, Dehradun, and Garhwal. Haridwar is around 43 km whereas Dehradun is around 60 km away from the park. There is an availability of bus as well as taxi services from these cities to reach the park.
Flora- Since Rajaji National Park is nestled in the Shivalik ranges, the flora here includes sal trees, bamboo forests, coniferous trees, deciduous forests, pine trees, grasslands, and riverine vegetation. The unique climatic conditions have made it possible for flora in this area to thrive. Some notable flowering trees found at Rajaji are- Acacia, Kydia, Bel, Pipal, Adina, Amaldas, Lantana, Chilla, Kachnar, Ber and more.
Fauna- Rajaji National Park has the most distinctive species of birds and animals. The joining of three parks has served positively to the collection of animal species here. Apart from the big cat, the park is home to many other animal species such as Asian Elephants, Striped Hyena, Langurs, Barking Deer, Leopards, Bears and more. Some famous birds to spot here are woodpeckers, barbets, vultures, cuckoos, starlings, great-pied hornbills, etc.