The Park was created in 1983 by the amalgamation of three sanctuaries - Rajaji Sanctuary and National park estd. 1948, Motichur sanctuary estd. 1964 and Chilla sanctuary estd. 1977. On 20 April 2015, Rajaji was established as a Tiger Reserve. Rajaji is nestled in the Shivalik range at the beginning of the Indo-Gangetic plains in Uttarakhand, covering a total area of 820.42 sq km. The Park got its name from a famous freedom fighter and the first governor-general of India, Late Sri C. Rajagopalachari. The rich biodiversity and the mesmerizing beauty of the Park serve as a major attraction for nature lovers and wildlife enthusiasts. In 1983, Rajaji National Park was integrated with Motichur and Chilla wildlife sanctuaries to form a large protected area known as Rajaji National Park. The Park is open for visitors from Mid-November to Mid-June.
The Rajaji and Motichur are separated from the Chilla sanctuary to the southeast by Ganges and Chilla rivers. The stream remains dry the entire year except for the monsoon. The Park has the vegetation of several distinct zones and forest types such as semi-evergreen, deciduous forests, mixed broad-leaved, terai grassland, and sal. The dense vegetation of the Park makes it a perfect place for many bird and animal species to thrive. There are around 400 bird species, including Greater Scaup, White-naped Woodpecker, Great Hornbill, Black-bellied Tern, Pallas's Fish Eagle, etc. The popular attraction of the Park is the Asiatic Elephant population, but some other animal species that can be found here include leopards, tigers, gorals, deers, and more.
Types of Safaries
Big 5 Animals
Carry binoculars, a camera, and a bird book to identify birds to make your trip more fruitful.
Wear comfortable walking shoes. Do check your shoes every time before wearing them to avoid scorpions and other creatures.
Carry proper woolens in winters and an effective sunscreen in summers.
Remember to Carry Hats/ Caps and personal medicines (if any).
Wear muted forest colors like earthy greens or beiges and avoid perfumes and deodorants.
It is mandatory to carry ID cards for safaris. The ID needs to be the same as the one with which you booked your safari.
Frequently Asked Questions
Rajaji National Park remains open from 15th November to 15th June. During the monsoon season, it remains closed. The month of April is the best time to spot wildlife even though the temperature remains high during this month. It is rather advised to visit the park in the early hours of the morning. Winters can also be marked as the best time to visit the park.
The park is connected to the major cities of India via road, rail and air.
Nearest Railway Station- Dehradun Terminal Railway Station
Nearest Airport- Jolly Grant Airport or Dehradun Airport
Road- Rajaji National Park is in proximity to several towns such as Haridwar, Dehradun, and Garhwal. Haridwar is around 43 km whereas Dehradun is around 60 km away from the park. There is an availability of bus as well as taxi services from these cities to reach the park.
Flora- Since Rajaji National Park is nestled in the Shivalik ranges, the flora here includes sal trees, bamboo forests, coniferous trees, deciduous forests, pine trees, grasslands, and riverine vegetation. The unique climatic conditions have made it possible for flora in this area to thrive. Some notable flowering trees found at Rajaji are- Acacia, Kydia, Bel, Pipal, Adina, Amaldas, Lantana, Chilla, Kachnar, Ber and more.
Fauna- Rajaji National Park has the most distinctive species of birds and animals. The joining of three parks has served positively to the collection of animal species here. Apart from the big cat, the park is home to many other animal species such as Asian Elephants, Striped Hyena, Langurs, Barking Deer, Leopards, Bears and more. Some famous birds to spot here are woodpeckers, barbets, vultures, cuckoos, starlings, great-pied hornbills, etc.