Kaziranga National Park is situated in the districts of Golaghat and Nagaon in the state of Assam. It was discovered in 1904, declared a forest reserve in 1908, a wildlife sanctuary in 1950, and was eventually turned into a National Park. The Park accommodates two-thirds of the world's population of the endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros, which is the major attraction here for tourists worldwide. Kaziranga National Park was declared a Tiger Reserve in the year 2006. It is also home to a large breeding population such as Asiatic elephants, wild water buffalo, and more. Being recognized as an 'Important Bird Area' by 'BirdLife International' to conserve avifauna, the Park has rich biodiversity in eastern India and was declared a 'World Heritage Site' by UNESCO.
Situated on the banks of the river Brahmaputra with an area of approximate 430 sq. km, the Park consists of four types of vegetation. These are alluvial inundated grasslands, alluvial savanna woodlands, tropical moist mixed deciduous forests, and tropical semi-evergreen forests. The Landsat data for 1986 shows the present vegetation coverage at Kaziranga National Park as tall grasses 41%, short grasses 11%, open jungle 29%, swamps 4%, river and other water bodies 8%, and sand 6%.
Types of Safaries
Big 5 Animals
Park ticket bookings should be done 120 days in advance since the park tickets are limited.
It is mandatory to carry ID cards for safaris. The ID needs to be the same as the one with which you booked your safari.
Carry binoculars, a camera, and a bird book for identifying birds and making your trip more fruitful.
Wear comfortable walking shoes. Do check your shoes every time before wearing them to avoid scorpions and other creatures.
Carry proper woollens in winters and an effective sunscreen in summers.
Carry Hats/Caps and personal medicines (if any).
Wear muted forest colours like earthy greens or beiges and avoid perfumes and deodorants.
The afternoon shift of Jeep Safari remains close for visitors every Wednesday.
Both the morning and afternoon shift remains closed on Holi and Diwali festival.
Frequently Asked Questions
Kaziranga National Park remains open from November to April for visitors. During the rest of the months, the park stays closed as the Brahmaputra river floods the park. Spotting animals such as Rhinos, Tigers, and Elephants, the months of March and April are the best. Even though the climate stays humid but the temperature starts decreasing as the sun starts to set. The temperature during summers ranges from 7 degrees Celsius to 37 degrees celsius.
The winter season is ideal for bird watching which is inclusive of migratory birds. The climate during winters is pleasant with temperatures ranging from 5 degrees Celsius to 25 degrees celsius.
There are a total of 4 ranges in Kaziranga National Park, namely Central Range, Western Range, Eastern Range and Burapahar range. Each of these ranges has its own speciality in terms of sightings. Tiger and migratory birds spotting are best done in the Eastern range while Kohora or the Central range is believed to be ideal for Rhinos and Elephant sightings. The Western range has a mix of gaurs, elephants, rhinos and other wild animals. So, one can pick a safari zone accordingly.
Kaziranga National Park is connected to major cities via rail, road and air.
Nearest Airport- Jorhat Airport (96 km from Kaziranga National Park)
Nearest Railway Station- Furkating Junction Railway Station
Road- If travelling via road, then the best possible way to reach the park is to first reach any nearby city such as Jorhat or Guwahati which is around 240 km from Kaziranga and then hire a taxi or a bus to reach the park.